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This guide will help librarians locate information for Evidence Based Practice classes, senior projects, Plan B papers and graduate level projects.

Evidence Based Practice Process

Evidence Based Practice refers to the process of using evidence, primarily studies, in the process of making informed decisions during for clinical questions that arise during patient care.

This process can also be used in management decisions, and is used by some libraries in during policy and procedure decision making. In healthcare, trained librarians are always involved in the process, primarily during the Ask and Acquire steps, but can be called in during all 5 steps. Clinical librarians, who do rounds with physicians and medical residents, are expected to participate in the Appraise step.

The process is not very different from the Information Literacy Standards, just more specific to the health sciences environment and terminology.

The Process:
Assess: Identify a problem

Ask: Formulate a searchable question, usually results in a PICO question

Acquire: Select an appropriate database, conduct the search, select appropriate studies, and locate full text

Appraise: Evaluate the studies for risk of bias, meaning appropriate methodology and interpretation of results.

Apply: Synthesize the combined information of appraised studies, decide if practice should be changed, and implement policy/procedure. Assessment of change should be done to decide if the change has improved patient care.


EBP 5-A Process